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Agriculture

AIM:

The main aim of the Department of Agriculture is to improve the economic status of the farmer by doubling the production and tripling the income. For Second Green Revolution Agriculture Department has formulated Various policies and strategies to achieve equitable, competitive and sustainable growth in Agriculture Crops. Madurai District is mainly agrarian with an average rainfall of 874.5 mm . Paddy, Millet, Pulses, Cotton are the major crops cultivated in Madurai District. Periyar – Vaigai canal is the main source of irrigation.

BASIC DATA:

  1. Farming Population (as per 2011 census)
  2. Small Farmers – 58,716
    Marginal Farmers – 2,05,771
    Agricultural Laborers- 4,01,867

  3. No. of Block Assistant Director of Agriculture- 13
  4. No. of Agricultural Extension Centre to later farmers needs of
    Agriculture inputs and technical advices
    Main AEC – 13
    Sub AEC – 18
  5. Seed Processing Unit – 2
  6. Sholavanthan
    Vinayagapuram

  7. State Seed Farm – 1
  8. (Vinayagapuram, Therkutheru, Melur)

  9. Soil Testing Laboratory – 1
    (North Chithirai street, Madurai-2
    Contact:0452-2627022
    email:stlmdu[at]gmail[dot]com)
  10. Mobile Soil Testing Laboratory – 1
    (North Chithirai street, Madurai-2
    Contact:0452-2627022
    email:stlmdu[at]gmail[dot]com)
  11. Fertilizer Testing Laboratory – 1
    ( JDA Office complex, Melakanmoi street, Thallakulam
    Email-fclmdu[at]gmail[dot]com)
  12. Perticide Testing Laboratory – 1
    (JDA Office complex,Melakanmoi street,Thallakulam
    Email-maduraiptl[at]gmail[dot]com)
  13. Liquid Bio Fertilizer Production unit – 1
    (No-120 Sidco Industrial, Estate,Kappalur, Thirumangalam
    Email:liquidbiomdu[at]gmail[dot]com)
  14. Bio Control Laboratory – 1
    ( Vinayagapuram Therkutheru, Melur )
  15. IPM Control Laboratory – 1
    (Vinayagapuram, Therkutheru, Melur)
  16. Sugarcane Parasite Breeding Station – 1
    (Vinayagapuram, Therkutheru, Melur )
  17. State Water Management – 1
    (Vinayagapuram Training Centre Therkutheru, Melur)
  18. Agricultural College & Research Institute – 1
    (Y. Othakkadai Phone:0452-2422956)
  19. Krishi Vigyan Kendra – 1
    (Y. Othakkadai Phone:0452-2422956)
  20. Total No. of Fertilizer Shops – 413
  21. Total No. of PACCS – 182
  22. Cropping Intensity – 1.16
  23. Irrigation Intensity – 1.18

Extension support for increasing production

The main objective of the field staff is to increase the productivity by bridging the yield gap. The following extension support is given to farming community by Assistant Director of Agriculture, Agricultural Officer, Deputy Agricultural Officer and Assistant Agricultural Officer.
Regular fixed schedule of visit to villages every fortnight
Village campaign and meetings
Demonstrations , Trainings and Exposure visit on latest technologies
Pest and disease monitoring
Providing integrated services at the door steps for On farm technical assistance Crop advisories, Information on input availability such as seed, Bio Fertilizer, Micronutrient Mixture, Credit and farm machinery, Market linkage
SPI, SRI Whole village concept
Soil Health card Distribution
Crop Estimation survey for food grain production
PMFBY – Insurance scheme creating awareness among farmers
Encouraging farmers to participate in crop yield competition for high productivity by adopting all technologies.

Scheme intervention for production support

Mission Soil Health Card (MSHC)

To issue soil health cards every 2 years, to all farmers
To diagnose soil fertility related constraints and design
Block level fertilizer recommendations
To develop soil test based nutrient management for
enhancing Nutrient use efficiency

(Further detail contact: https://soilhealth.dac.gov.in )

Tamil Nadu State Seed Development Agency (TANSEDA)

Production of Certified Seeds and Distribution of Certified Seeds to Farmers for increasing the Crop Production, Distribution& Productivity

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Objective

Supporting sustainable Production in Agriculture Sector.
Providing Financial Support to Farmers Suffering Crop loss / Damage – Unforeseen events.
Stabilizing the Income of Farmers to Ensure their Continuance in Farming.
Encouraging Farmers to adopt Innovative and Modern Agricultural Practices.
Ensuring Flow of Credit to the Agriculture Sector – to Contribute Food Security.
RISKS COVERED
Prevented Sowing / Planting
Standing Crop (Sowing to Harvesting)
Comprehensive Insurance is Provided to Cover Yield losses Due to Drought Dry spells. Flood, Inundation, Pest and disease etc.
Post Harvest losses Maximum Period of Two Weeks from Harvest
Localized Calamities Loss / Damage by hailstorm, Inundation

(Further detail: http://agri-insurance.gov.in )

Collective Farming

To Mobilize Small and Marginal Farmers in to Farmer Producer Group.
To Share the Knowledge on better Practices.
Cost Effective Agricultural Technologies Coming at Increased Productivity.
To Upgrade the FIG in to FPO for improved Livelihood.
To Provide Promotional Support in Financial Assistance for Promotion of Groups Social Capital Development , HRD, Registration of FPO.
To Remove Hurdles in Developing Farmers Access to Credit Facilities and Markets.
To Create an Conductive Environment for Collective Production & Marketing for better Profitability and Sustainability.

Mission On Sustainable Dry land Agriculture-MSDA

To Promote sustainable production on dry land Area.
Crop: Millets, Pulses ,Oilseeds and Cotton.
Cluster Basis-1000 ha/Cluster.
Summer ploughing
Agronomic Intervention
Entry Point Activities
Providing Water Harvesting Structure
Providing Value added Machineries
Providing Custom Hearing Centre

National Agriculture Development Program me (NADP)

To generate a common development perspective of the district that reflects the thinking of diverse stakeholders.
To work out an inspiring goal for overall development.
To picturize optimal utilization of the available resources for achieving higher levels of livelihoods, especially, for the underprivileged.
To foresee needs and level of human and infrastructure development as it emerges from collective wisdom for achieving goals.
To motivate people of the area and gear up all segments of population for facing the challenges, difficulties and bottlenecks to realize their cherished common goals.
To act as a goal post towards enhancement of over all production by introducing mission interventions.
To help people of the area in developing more realistic, objective oriented for increasing crop yields

National Mission On Sustainable Agriculture-RAD (NMSA)

Objective:

To promote integrated Farming System (IFS)
Emphasize a cluster approach in rain fed area for an area of not less than 100 Ha

Salient features:

Generation of income throughout the year from integrated Farming System (IFS)
Failure of one cropping system may be compensated by other sectors ie Milch Animals, Vermi compost
Soil texture and fertility improvement

National Food Security Mission- Pulses (NFSM)

Objective

Increasing the production of Pulses through area enhancement and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified blocks of the district.
Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level
Creation of awareness in the latest technological interventions
Enhancing farm level economy(i.e.farm profits) to restore confidence among the farmers

Salient Features:

Providing vital Agri. Inputs viz. Certified seeds, Plant protection chemicals & equipments etc., at subsidised cost
Economical utilization of ground water with the usage of water carrying pipelines supplied at subsidised cost
Supply of labour and time saving farm machineries

(Further details: https://www.nfsm.gov.in )

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana-(PMKSY) – Micro Irrigation

Per drop more crop, conserves water and increase the productivity of crops
Distribution of Drip System,Raingun

(Further details: http://www.tnhorticulture.tn.gov.in )

SSEPERS –ATMA

SSEPERS –ATMA (Support to State Extension Program me for Extension Reforms Scheme)
ATMA is a registered society responsible for technology dissemination activities at the district level
It is a focal point for integrating Research and Extension activities and decentralizing day to day management of the public Agricultural Technology System (ATS).
It would have linkage with all departments of the Govt. and research organization as well as NGOs and agencies associated with Agri. Development in the district
ATMA is a society of key stake holders involved in the agricultural activities for sustainable agricultural development in the district
As a registered society, it will receive and expend project funds and enter into contracts and agreements and maintains revolving accounts and use to recover the operating costs.

DISTRICT WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

Natural Resource Management
CHECK DAMS
FARM PONDS
SUNKEN PONDS
PERCOLATION PONDS
RECHARGE SHAFT
REJUVENATION OF DEFUNCT WELLS

Farm Production system
Livelihood Supporting System

(Further details: www.tawdeva.in )

Contact Details

Joint Director of Agriculture
Mela Kanmoi Street
Tallakulam
Madurai-2
Phone:0452-2537153
Email: jdagrimdu[at]gmail[dot]com